The first woman elected president of Brazil Dilma Vana Rousseff, born in the state of Minas Gerais is one rooted in Rio Grande do Sul, the daughter of a schoolteacher and a Bulgarian immigrant. Sunday (31), the economist - and grandmother - 62 years earned the right to exercise his first elective office. In her path are mixed some of the salient facts of recent history in Brazil, such as resistance to dictatorship, the country's democratization and the consolidation of a political balance between two blocks by the PT and PSDB.
Dilma was born on December 14, 1947, in Belo Horizonte. Entered politics in the old school still in opposition to the regime of exception established in 1964. It began in the Marxist Revolutionary Organization - Policy Workers (Polop) movement, in its origin, was a sort of coalition of opposition, with pictures of the PCB, the PSB and Labour, and other Trotskyists and Marxists. In Polop, she met her first husband, Claudius Galen Magellan Linhares. Beside him, later opted for armed struggle and joined the National Liberation Commando (Hill).
In 1970, when it was part of the Revolutionary Vanguard Palmares (Palmares-VAR), Rousseff was involved in the assassination of the American Marine and CIA informer CAPTAIN CHARLES R. CHANDLER. She was arrested by Operation Bandeirante and held at the Department of Political and Social Order (Dops) where she was tortured. Condemned by the dictatorship, was taken to prison Tiradentes. She was released in late 1972 and moved to Porto Alegre, the land of her second husband Charles Franklin Passion de Araujo, who had her daughter, Paula.
"Dilma had a very hard experience in prison," says Pimentel. "So it is a person who knows very well where are your limits. That makes her a very strong woman, "says the former mayor.
In this capital city, she studied accounting sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul from 1974 to 1977. With the return of the country after Brizola Amnesty, Dilma in 1980 had joined the newly founded Democratic Labor Party (PDT). Until 1985 she worked as an advisor to members of the party in the state Legislature.
Dilma (top) with famíliaDilma (top) with family (Photo: Roberto
"She came from the line of Brizola, but always had a very strong connection with the PT, so it was no big surprise," says Coutinho.
After the mensalão scandal, which toppled the then chief minister of the Casa Civil, José Dirceu, Lula was invited by Dilma to function in 2005. "In Dilma coordinated all government actions, the good and the unsuccessful," said Marcelo Coutinho.